HANOI, April 11 (Vietnam Information/ANN): Though common life expectancy has elevated, the variety of instances of non-infectious illness amongst Vietnamese has risen, Dr Nguyen Thi Kim Tien, head of the Division of Well being Safety and Care of Central Officers, has introduced.
Tien spoke on Thursday at an annual nationwide workshop on well being and longevity held in Ho Chih Minh Metropolis.
The common life expectancy of Vietnamese is 73.6 in comparison with 68.6 in 1999, in response to the inhabitants census in 2019. Nonetheless, Vietnamese ladies are unwell a median of a complete of 11 years, in comparison with eight years for males, she mentioned.
“Non-infectious continual illnesses are the primary killer immediately, with greater than 70 per cent of deaths coming from heart problems, most cancers and diabetes, ” she famous.
The variety of instances improve considerably from the age of 40 because of ageing, insufficient vitamin, excessive consumption of tobacco and alcohol, stress, and different components.
“The quantity in Vietnam has reached alarming ranges, ” she mentioned, including that “how we age relies upon vastly on how we behave.”
She mentioned that individuals ought to fastidiously watch what they eat, be bodily lively, keep away from the usage of tobacco and alcohol, and decrease stress ranges.
“You must hearken to your physique and see a physician as quickly as potential if unwell as a result of early detection is vital in therapy, lowering mortality and enhancing high quality of life, ” she mentioned.
In 2011, Vietnam started to enter the interval of an ageing inhabitants and is among the nations with the quickest ageing charges on the planet.
In 2017, the variety of individuals 60 years and older accounted for 11.9 per cent of the entire inhabitants.
This group will account for about 21 million individuals by 2038, or 20 per cent of the inhabitants. The quantity will attain 27 million or 25 per cent of the inhabitants by 2050, in response to the Basic Statistics Workplace.
The common life expectancy of Vietnamese is 1.6 years greater than the world common, however the inhabitants is about 16 years older than the world inhabitants.
Dr. Le Dình Thanh, director of HCM Metropolis-based Thong Nhat Hospital, mentioned the speedy ageing of the inhabitants poses enormous challenges to a low to middle-income nation like Vietnam, requiring the nation to enhance its social safety and healthcare system for the aged.
Vietnam wants to lift consciousness about preparation for previous age, together with planning for monetary safety, and making certain medical examination and therapy in addition to social insurance policies for the aged.
Infectious illnesses kill greater than 300 individuals per 12 months within the nation, whereas non-infectious illnesses kill over 400,000, in response to the Ministry of Well being.
As many as 70 per cent of deaths yearly are attributable to non-infectious illnesses, of which 40 per cent happen to individuals underneath 70 years previous.
Non-infectious illnesses, together with diabetes, heart problems, hypertension, psychological sickness and most cancers, not solely have an effect on longevity but in addition the standard of life.
Consultants attribute the explanations for the rising variety of instances to the truth that individuals lack consciousness about prevention of such illnesses. As many as 49 per cent of males smoke, and 77 per cent of the inhabitants drinks alcohol, whereas 11 per cent of them drink at an alarming stage.
Salt consumption in Vietnam can also be double the quantity really helpful by the World Well being Organisation (WHO).
The Ministry of Well being has set a purpose to make sure by 2025 that deaths attributable to non-infectious illnesses will fall to twenty per cent from the present 70 per cent.
The purpose is to scale back the proportion of individuals smoking by 30 per cent and people ingesting alcohol by 10 per cent, whereas lowering salt consumption by 30 per cent. – Vietnam Information/ANN