The pinnacle of one of many nation’s most prestigious medical faculties, KEM Hospital in Parel, just lately earned a patent for such an idea from the US Patent Workplace. Dean Dr Hemant Deshmukh, an interventional radiologist, considered the machine whereas fixing narrowed blood vessels across the small gut.
Cardiologists repair narrowed vessels across the coronary heart and interventional radiologists are skilled to equally repair vessels in different physique elements such because the mind, lungs, legs and the stomach, amongst others, to stop strokes and gangrene. “The self-expanding, blood-flow resisting machine we’ve got devised is about an thought taking form,” Dr Deshmukh, who has carried out hundreds of interventional procedures. mentioned.
“As interventional radiologists, we deal with arteries and veins by opening up or closing them because the scenario calls for,” he mentioned. What shouldn’t be well-known is that plaque buildup not solely impacts the center vessels however even the vessels within the stomach. When the superior mesenteric artery that provides blood to the small gut develops blockages, the affected person begins affected by “stomach angina”.
“The affected person develops this angina at any time when she or he eats. In consequence, they develop worry of meals and keep away from it, resulting in 10 to 20kg weight loss,’’ mentioned Dr Deshmukh. Medical literature mentions some such sufferers develop cibophobia, which is outlined because the worry of meals.
It’s this connection between the blocked mesenteric artery, cibophobia and weight reduction that he, together with Dr Krantikumar Rathod, labored on. “We felt we are able to slender the mesenteric artery in morbidly overweight folks by introducing a stent-like machine would set off weight reduction,” he mentioned. The narrowed artery induces cibophobia, which, in flip, results in weight reduction.
The medical doctors utilized for the patent in April, 2016, and acquired it earlier this month. The machine they designed is 8mm in diameter, formed like an hour glass, and is 15-20mm lengthy. “We now have to plan the supply system, make prototypes and plan animal research,” he mentioned. These steps should be adopted earlier than human trials.
A senior surgeon whom TOI spoke to mentioned intentionally narrowing an artery with a tool might set off clots. “As morbidly overweight folks normally have diabetes or hypertension, introducing such a tool must be nicely thought out,” mentioned a bariatric surgeon who didn’t wish to be recognized. One other physician mentioned an concept that sounds good on paper could not at all times work in observe.Dr Deshmukh mentioned the machine, cited within the patent doc with an “goal of weight problems discount”, could possibly be used as a bridge therapy earlier than morbidly overweight sufferers endure weight-reduction bariatric surgical procedure. “It would assist them lose 10-20kg inside a couple of weeks and it may be eliminated thereafter,’ he added. The workforce can also be finding out its utility in managing cardiac illness.